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Guide to Authors

  1. All manuscript must be submitted in Microsoft Word format, written in English, Times New Roman, 11 font size, portrait, single space on white A5 (148 x 210 mm) paper, with margins of 1 inch on all sides. Manuscripts should not exceed 12 pages excluding tables and figures. As much as possible refrain from using long tables in landscape form. Authors are free to use American or British English as long they are consistent all throughout the manuscript. All pages must be numbered at the center bottom. Authors are encouraged to have their paper reviewed by an English native speaker or grammarian before submitting to the journal.
  1. Title. The title should summarize the main idea of manuscript. It is a concise statement of main topic and identify variables or theoretical issues under investigation. Abbreviations should be avoided. It must be typed in uppercase and lowercase letters, centered between left and right margins, and no more than 12 words.
  1. Abstract. An abstract with a maximum of 250 words summarizing the main points of the article. Paragraphs should be justified without indention, double-spaced in between, and sentences should be separated by a single space.
  1. Keywords. Maximum of 5 keywords, in alphabetical order, and list after the Abstract. The word ‘Keywords’ must be italic, bold, separated by colon from the keywords. All first letters of the keywords must be written in capital letter separated by comma and ends with a dot.
  1. Introduction. Provide adequate information of the topic, state the objectives of the work, and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. Limit your introduction to 1-2 pages.
  1. Materials and Methods. Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced detailing the materials used, conceptual and operation definitions of the variables, research design/experimental manipulations, sampling procedures and sample size, the measurements, and the research participants, as well as the statistical tools used in the study. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference and only relevant modifications should be described.
  1. Results. This section should be presented in logical sequence based on the objectives and explore the significance of the results, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. All relevant results must be given more emphasis. Findings must be written in past tense (except in researches conducted other than positivism and post-positivism paradigms) and must find relations to literatures appertaining to the topic.
  1. Conclusion or Recommendation. In some cases conclusion is not necessary. However we encourage authors to make recommendations to encourage others to continue working the research or implement the results. It is written in present tense (for positivism and post-positivism research) and new paradigms can write in first person singular form “I” or second person singular form “you” or “we”.
  1. References and Citations. References should be listed in alphabetical order at the end of the paper using APA format. All reference must be come from published material and not from gray literatures (i.e. unpublished thesis or dissertation, or unpublished reports). The author-date form of citation in the text should be used and should be written based on the following examples:
Single author: Low species diversity and endemicity of Odonata in areas of Misamis Occidental with high presence of on-site disturbances was recorded (Villanueva, 2011).
For works by two to three authors: There are approximately 300 plus species of Odonata in the Philippines (Hamalainen & Muller, 1997). More species are still expected to be documented especially to the relatively unexplored areas in the Philippines (Jumawan, Medina, & Villanueva, 2012).
For works by four or more authors: Similar species are observed from the relatively the same ecosystem types (Jomoc et al. 2013).
More than 1 research paper published in the same year by the same author(s) should be distinguished by adding lowercase letters to the dates and alphabetized by title. (Example: Tamayo, 2014a, 2014b).
Authors are discouraged to use gray literatures or unpublished works like thesis or dissertations. Bibliographic references should be written based on the following examples:
o Journal article (Single author): Renn, O. (1998). The role of risk communication and public dialogue for improving risk management. Risk Decision and Policy, 3(1), 5-30.
o Journal article (Multiple authors): Beierly, T. C. & Konisky, D. M. (2000). Values, conflict, and trust in participatory environmental planning. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 67(3), 587-602.
o Book: Creswell, J. (2008). Educational research: Planning, conducting and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
o Book chapter: Brookfield, S. (2000). The concept of critical reflective practice. In A. L.Wilson & E. R. Hayes (Eds.), Handbook of adult and continuing education (pp. 33-49).San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
o Conference proceedings: Taylor, P. C. (2010). Transformative educational research for culturally inclusive teaching. Keynote address delivered at the 7th International Conference on Intercultural Competence, Khabarovsk, Far East Russia.
o On-line article: Vasigh, B. & Hamzaee, R. (2004). Testing and sensitivity of student enrollment with respect to tuition at an institution of higher education. Retrieved from htt://
  1. The metric system (International System or SI units) of measurement should be used. Each figure, table, and map should be mentioned in numerical sequence. All figures should be numbered using Arabic and phrase style is used for the caption (without a period at the end). Tables should be placed separately from the text and one table per sheet with complete necessary legends and notes. Maps should have a scale, preferably originally prepared by the authors. Make sure it will not pixilate when enlarge no larger than half page (A5). All illustrations should be accompanied by captions typed on a separate sheet. Any statistical material should be brief and simple.
  1. The manuscript contents should be arranged as follows: a) Title of Article; b) Authors complete name, designation, mailing address, email address (written on a separate sheet);c) Abstract (200 words or less); d) Key words (Maximum of 5); e) Introduction; f) Method; g) Results and Discussion; h) Conclusion OR Recommendations; i) Acknowledgment; j) References; k) Tables; and l) Figures.
Assignment of article serial number
All manuscript accepted for review process will be assigned with a unique serial number. This serial number is unique for the UM International Multidisciplinary Research Journal and must be used in correspondence with the editor.
General Guidelines
Authors are required to check the compliance of their submission to the editorial policies. Failure to adhere to the following guidelines below may result to rejection of the manuscript.
    1. The manuscript has not been submitted or previously published to ANY journals.
    1. Submission: All manuscripts should be submitted to via e-mail attachment as a single Microsoft word file. All other technical guidelines must prescribe to the Guide to Authors.
  1. All references are valid and can be traced. Do not use grey literature like unpublished thesis or dissertations.
Statement of Privacy
The names of the authors and their institutional address and contact details will be exclusively used for this journal only and will not be used to other purposes or other parties.